The jujube fruit comes from the Ziziphus jujube tree, a deciduous shrub that belongs in the Rhamnaceae plant family. The jujube tree can grow up to 12 meters tall and is native to China. The fruit is an edible ovate or oblong drupe that’s about .5 to 5 cm long, smooth-green when immature having the taste and consistency of an apple, turns dark red as it ripens, and eventually becomes wrinkled like a date when it’s fully dried. Many candy products are produced from the fruit.
Besides the fruit, the bark, leaves, pit, and root of the Jujube tree has medicinal uses too.
Jujube fruits are rich in Vitamin C, B vitamins, vitamin P, fats, carbohydrates, protein, carotene, phosphorous, calcium, iron, cyclic adenosine monophosphate, flavonoids, organic acids, triterpene glycosides, sitosterol, desmaterol, stigmasterol, cGMP, cAMP, and other nutrients.
Jujube fruit is also known as red date, Da Zao, Chinese date, black dates, date seed, Rhamnus zizyphus, zizyphus plum, jujube date and jujube seeds.
Health Benefits of Jujube fruit
- Boosts immune system
- Delays skin aging
- Fights free radicals
- Purifies blood
- Aids digestion
- Soothes throat muscles
- Helps lower blood pressure
- Relieves stress and anxiety
- Inhibits tumor-causing cells
- Helps in the formation and maintenance of the blood stream
- Fights several liver diseases
- Treats anemia and purpura
- Soothes the nervous system
- Natural sedative
- Heals wounds faster
- Alleviates sore throat
- Used for treatment of acute and chronic hepatitis and cirrhosis
- Relieves chronic constipation
The numerous benefits of jujube fruits come from its vast supply of important nutrients and minerals. The Jujube fruit contains plenty of Vitamin C and antioxidant components believed to have cancer reversal abilities; thus allowing the malevolent cells to revert to normal. Vitamin C and other antioxidants fight and inhibit the movement of free radicals and control the growth of tumors. The antioxidants found in Jujube fruit also protect against liver damage and can supposedly cure common liver diseases.
Among the other beneficial bioactive compounds it contains are polyphenols, cyclopeptide alkaloids, dammarane saponins, and amino acids.
Jujube is loaded with 18 essential amino acids and helps form more than 50,000 proteins of the body. These supports cell renewal and the wound healing process. recent studies have shown promising evidence that jujube fruit has positive effects on quality of sleep patterns.
Its rich supplies of cyclic adenosine monophosphate helps improve muscle strength, dilates blood vessels, invigorates the body, enhances myocardial nutrition and contractility, and fights cardiovascular diseases. It also helps in lowering blood pressure.
Triterpenoids and cyclic adenosine monophosphate are believed to be responsible for the Jujube fruit’s ability to suppress tumors and fight allergies.
Another recent study found that the beneficial chemical constituents in the fruit helped lower toxic chemicals in the breast milk of women living in a very polluted city in Asia.
With all the nutrients and health benefits packed in this tiny, low calorie, miracle fruit, you simply can’t afford to miss your daily fill of the Jujube! Whether you are fortunate enough to live somewhere where you can eat them raw or you take a full-spectrum dried extract powder herbal supplement, the holistic alternative benefits can be yours.
The fruit is considered safe and can eaten daily. However, some caution is in order. Stomach problems are common when eating too many and since the fruit lowers blood sugar, caution must be taken by those suffering from diabetes. Medication may need to be adjusted accordingly.