Mesima Mushroom, Phellinulinteus

The Phellinulinteus or the black hoof mushroom is so-called due to its hoof shape. It is primarily found in Asian countries such as China, Japan, and Korea where it has been renowned for its medicinal properties for centuries. In China, it is known as sang huang; in Korea, it is known as sanghwang; and in Japan, it is known as meshimakobu.

Background

As a basidiomycete fungus, this mushroom often grows in large numbers on mulberry trees. Aside from its distinctive shape, the Phellinuslinteus also has a thin stem that can either come in dark brown or black.

The Phellinuslinteus has a distinct bitter taste. As such, it is usually consumed in the form of a medicinal tea in Korea. Notably, the mushroom is regarded as a medicine that can promote health and longevity in traditional Asian cultures. When consumed regularly, the mushroom has been found to treat and prevent a diverse range of ailments such as diarrhea, hemorrhages, gastro enteric dysfunction, and certain cancers.

Active Compounds

  • polysaccharide
  • protocatechuic acid
  • protocatechualdehyde
  • caffeic acid
  • ellagicacid
  • hispidin
  • davallialactone
  • hypholomine B
  • interfungins A (an inhibitor of protein glycation)
  • inoscavin A

Among the other medicinal mushrooms that belong to the fungal group of hymenomycetes, the Phellinuslinteus is unique in the fact that it possesses the greatest concentration of anti-tumor properties. This makes it an ideal candidate as an anti-cancer drug. In fact, over the past decade, Korean scientists have been researching on the mushroom’s possible ability of improving the body’s immunity and of enhancing the effects of chemotherapy.

Aside from curing internal illnesses and diseases, this mushroom has also been found to have the ability to facilitate wound healing. This only shows that thePhellinuslinteus has a diverse range of indications and healing abilities.

Although the most distinct component of the Phellinus linteusis itspolysaccharide content, it has also been found to have high proteoglycan components. Likewise, many of its active components have been discovered to possess anti-viral, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and cytotoxic properties.

Benefits of Mesima Mushroom

Anti-cancer

Although Phellinus linteus has been shown to be a possible treatment for cancer, specifically breast, prostate, bladder, bone, and lung cancer, more research has to be conducted in order to obtain conclusive evidence of its efficacy. In general though, the extract from the mushroom have been known to suppress metastasis and the growth of tumors, stimulate the cell’s immune defense, and lessen inflammation.

In some studies, marked improvement was witnessed in cancer patients who consumed the mushroom in conjunction with other treatments. Conversely, other patients were able to experience a spontaneous regression of their cancers even if all that they consumed was the Phellinus linteus without any assistance from other conventional therapies.

Anti-arthritis and anti-inflammatory

Patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis were able to experience markedly less inflammation in their joints after consuming the polysaccharide extract from the edible fruit of the Phellinus linteus. Their autoimmune responses also lessened considerably after taking the mushroom extract. Similarly, the mushroom has been shown to be an effective anti-inflammatory agent especially in cases of septic shock that are caused by lipopolysaccharides.

Antihistamine

Numerous studies have proven that the polysaccharides of Phellinus linteus are highly effective in treating immune imbalances and allergic reactions. Specifically, the active components in the mushroom are capable of suppressing Th2 cytkines and conversely inducing secretion of Th1 cytokines that are known to promote a more balanced immune system.

Additionally, the extracts of Phellinus linteus have been reported to display the ability to suppress the release of histamine in the body even after the introduction of known allergic stimuli. This makes the mushroom a suitable treatment for patients suffering from various skin ailments such as atopic dermatitis or asthma.

Treatment for infertility

Many women who have elevated levels of NK cells and cytokine often suffer from infertility issues. Consuming Phellinus linteus has been shown to lower these components and thus increase the chances of successful pregnancies.

Dosage

The recommended dosage for adults who are not suffering from any serious ailments is 10-30g of the dried mushroom. The mushroom can be consumed as a tea or added into a viand and consumed on a daily basis. For patients who need to consume a more concentrated dose of the polysaccharide extract form the mushroom’s fruit, the recommended dosage would be 2-3g of the extract on a daily basis.

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